Bloody Rationalism Is it fascistic? A Molotov I wish, in some ways, that I will put my cards on the Am I not bothered by the Fight Club, though, Not long after striking When the two go to Tyler’s Tyler and the Narrator live Tyler and the Narrator, It’s easy to surmise Ostensibly, Fight Club Will its critics have the In many discussions of the I think most audiences, The film actually disturbs,
Fincher’s Fight Club has one significant advantage over every other cinematic
thrill machine out there: it feels genuinely dangerous. Stylishly funky yet
faultlessly streamlined, a strange concoction of incessant momentum, spasmodic
hilarity, insinuating weirdness and, not incidentally, a brilliant, catalytic
performance by Brad Pitt, this fevered fantasy touches on the most primal of
antisocial urges so directly that it risks being taken as a textbook for malevolent
misfits. That, in part, is what’s fun about the movie–it’s bound
to upset all sorts of people.
cocktail in cinematic form? A death-metal liturgy more potent than anything
in the Marilyn Manson songbook? More to the point: Do the names Dylan Klebold
and Eric Harris ring a bell? In the movie, Edward Norton is a straitlaced business
guy lured by Pitt’s charismatic weirdo into starting their own shadowy
cult of bare-fisted boxing matches, a movement that quickly metastasizes into
a militia-style underground army of the disaffected, bent on mayhem. While the
tale’s metaphoric arms reach out to embrace–with a tricky, deliberate
sort of provocativeness–various eruptions of violence in American public
life of late, the events of last spring at Columbine High School are the hot
button most likely to make Fincher’s film widely and furiously debated.
I could ignore that discussion and talk simply about the film, but in this case
the two phenomena promise to remain so intertwined as to be virtually indistinguishable.
I don’t think, however, that Fight Club can be accused of any kind
of crass sensation-mongering. Some films get to be "controversial"
because their backers and studios do everything they can to fan the sparks of
controversy. Twentieth Century Fox, at the other extreme, seems to be doing
nothing right now but holding its collective breath, and it’s not hard
to imagine why: Not only will the movie become extremely controversial without
the slightest help from anyone, but it will go on to be insanely popular.
The year’s biggest box-office hit? I wouldn’t be surprised–which
will only further disturb its detractors and stoke the rhetorical fires already
table and say that I enjoyed Fincher’s film tremendously; it’s as
gripping and electrifying as anything I’ve seen in a movie theater this
year. Am I bothered by the pleasure I derive from its sinister charms? A bit,
perhaps: I should admit that, too. It’s not hard to imagine the movie occasioning
a few outbreaks of unwanted pugilism in parking lots and alleyways around the
nation. But I would venture that greater risks of public boorishness are posed
by A) Fight Club detractors who mount their campaigns without bothering
to see the film and B) op-ed pundits who, yet again, fulminate and pontificate
without the slightest reference to what finally makes any movie malevolent or
not: film esthetics.
effect of violence in movies? Quite the contrary. I’ve lambasted 8mm
and The General’s Daughter for their heavy doses of lurid, sadistic
violence against women; both movies reveal the glaring faults of an industry
that claims to police itself but too often fails to do just that. To me the
violence in these films is objectionable because it is eroticized, made perversely
attractive, and that is possible–and effective–largely because the
cinematic context is essentially realistic. Of course, most Hollywood films
today employ the same basic codes of realism, and for the same ends: the viewer
is meant to understand that the events depicted correspond closely to "the
world out there."
is up to something very, very different. This can’t be stressed enough.
Any synopsis of its narrative inevitably will miss what it feels like to watch
the film, which owes everything to a mode of presentation that leapfrogs past
conventional realism into a realm that’s increasingly fantastical, outlandish,
unreal. The opening scenes cut closest to reality, and they’re bizarre
enough. The nameless Narrator (Norton), a young, single salaryman afflicted
with an epic case of insomnia, goes to a doctor who, as a way of warning against
self-pity, half-jokingly urges him to attend a support group for men with testicular
cancer to see what real distress looks like. He does, and finds that the release
that comes from crying with the other men allows him to sleep like he hasn’t
done in months. So he becomes addicted to support groups of all types. In them,
however, he soon notices a hollow-eyed, chain-smoking young woman named Marla
(Helena Bonham Carter, spectacular in this surprising role), who’s a "tourist"
like himself, and who breaks his therapeutic spell until he’s able to persuade
her to attend groups other than "his."
this bargain, on a plane returning from a business trip, he chances to meet
Tyler Durden (Pitt), a retro-clad, enigma-spouting mystery man who claims to
manufacture soap but seems to know a lot about explosives. Reaching home, the
Narrator finds his apartment destroyed and, taking out Tyler’s business
card, calls and invites him to meet at a bar. After three pitchers of suds,
and in virtually the same moment as offering him a place to stay, Tyler invites
his new friend to hit him as hard as he can, anywhere. The Narrator’s first
punch comically slices Tyler’s ear, but that’s incidental to what
really counts: in this moment a friendship is christened in blood, and Fight
Club is born.
house, any viewer with functioning eyesight should begin to glean that the film
is transpiring in its own Never-Never Land. Located in a "toxic waste part
of town," as the Narrator puts it, the place is a dilapidated manse entirely
suited to Norman Bates’ mom or Miss Havisham. And indeed, what follows
owes plenty to the likes of Hitchcock and Dickens: a trenchant psychological
fable flavored with puckish, acerbic cultural commentary, it has a fairy tale’s
power to enchant and disturb.
a life dredged from a 14-year-old’s guilty imagination. Charged with a
homoeroticism that only gains an edge of sexual jealousy when Marla appears
and begins screwing Tyler, the guys’ relationship finds its release in
their nocturnal bouts of pounding each other bloody, a ritual that moves into
a seedy bar’s cellar and there begins to attract a crowd. Thus does Fight
Club become communal. Tyler spells out its rules: no talking about Fight Club
(that’s numbers one and two), no shirts or shoes, and so on. Soon enough,
the city is crawling with guys who, like our still gainfully employed Narrator,
show up at work sporting black eyes and bloody welts.
it should be noted, are in no way equals. Our trusty chronicler merely follows.
Tyler, a sleek-muscled trickster given full iconic force by Pitt’s beauty
and charisma, is the stud, the leader, the point man. It is he who provides
Fight Club its rationale, a de facto ideology that runs something like this:
Guys today are hollow and enfeebled. Raised by women and trapped in boring,
passionless jobs, they are doubly emasculated. They have no Great War, no Great
Depression even ("our only depression is our lives"); consumerism
and materialism are the sops that keep them in place without providing real
meaning or challenge. Blood sport a la Fight Club is the beginning of recovery,
because it involves returning to the primal, physical urges beneath civilization’s
debilitating veneer. But complete rebellion means truly "hitting bottom."
Says Tyler: "Self-improvement is masturbation. But self-destruction…"
that any civic outfit based on such a credo might be cause for concern. And
so it is. At Tyler’s instigation, Fight Club becomes Project Mayhem. The
members move into his derelict castle, shave their heads, adopt black paramilitary
uniforms and begin a program of social disruption. In part, this involves mass-erasing
tapes at Blockbuster, destroying examples of bland public art and wrecking chain
coffeeshops. That such actions may be funny doesn’t blunt their impact;
in fact, the film’s satiric wit will only up the ante for those alarmed
by its gist.
shares with American Beauty a mood of disaffection with the placid regularity
of current American life; indeed, the films have similar scenes in which their
protagonists tell off their bosses and exit their jobs with a sinecure provided
by blackmail. Yet American Beauty has not and will not inspire the expressions
of public dismay and condemnation that are almost sure to greet Fincher’s
film, and I think that’s largely because it’s not nearly as psychologically
acute or imaginatively forceful. American Beauty, after all, vaguely
implies that its protagonist’s problems stem from his family situation
or his society, which lets the hero himself (and by extension, the identifying
viewer) off the hook. Fight Club does nothing of the sort: at first and
last, it aims its primary accusations at the face in the mirror.
smarts to do the same? I doubt it. Most broadsides bemoaning the movie will
almost surely carry the sense, "Reader, you and I as responsible, discerning
adults will not be drawn into face-smashing and fascistic hooliganism by this
film: it’s those others, the young and unsophisticated, we have
to worry about." First of all, for reasons I’ll get to below, I don’t
think the mass audience at large is any less sophisticated than most editorial
writers when it comes to interpreting a movie like Fight Club. Yet the
real, unadmitted reason the film will bestir those pundits in the first place
is that it taps into emotions that, at least among males, are well-nigh universal:
In this case, one should not presume to accuse without first acknowledging the
little atavist within.
film, "movie violence" will be a predictable canard. The first five
minutes of Saving Private Ryan, though, are far more violent, bloody
and brutal than the totality of Fight Club, which points us to a more
pertinent issue: movie fantasy. This is where esthetics come into play, and
where the most important factors are likely to remain undiscussed. Granted,
the violence in Fight Club is psychologically powerful, alluring,
almost magical. The crucial question, though, is whether it’s violence
that incites or does the opposite–vents, purges, releases.
while experiencing the film’s carnage and mayhem as exciting, will also
understand it as purgative, i.e., basically benign, because of two things about
the cinematic setting that contains it. First, the context is deliberately,
exaggeratedly fanciful and unreal; it’s quite obviously a "theater
of the mind," not anyone’s actual world. Second, the violent urges
the film evokes it also disperses by allowing the tale’s dream-logic to
go full circle: as much as the Narrator is inexorably drawn into Tyler’s
violent world, he is eventually repelled by it and, in effect, not only "wakes
up from" it but also (unlike the hero of American Beauty) recognizes
his own complicity in conjuring it up in the first place.
I think, both because it testifies so powerfully to the movies’ connection
to dreams, and because it leaves many upstanding adults no ideological cover.
The story (scripted by Jim Uhls from Chuck Palahniuk’s novel) latches onto
discontents and hungers that are very real, volatile and political. Yet the
left has never been good at dealing with primal urges and fantasies because
its standard mode of understanding tends toward bloodless rationalism. And can
you imagine the discomfort of some neoconservatives in trying to assert that
untroubled consumerism is finally what life is all about? From where I’m
sitting in the national theater, Fight Club may not be a flawless argument
itself, but its provocations are as valuable as its spell is enrapturing.
Is it fascistic? A Molotov
I wish, in some ways, that
I will put my cards on the
Am I not bothered by the
Fight Club, though,
Not long after striking
When the two go to Tyler’s
Tyler and the Narrator live
Tyler and the Narrator,
It’s easy to surmise
Ostensibly, Fight Club
Will its critics have the
In many discussions of the
I think most audiences,
The film actually disturbs,