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Twin Towers collapsed there was a lot of grandstanding about how the attack
had "equalized" New Yorkers and all Americans. We’re all victims,
the pundits opined, regardless of race, creed, gender or sexual orientation.
And for a while it seemed the outpouring of sympathy and the opening of everyone’s
wallet would indeed provide every WTC victim with some form of compensation.
out, all victims are not treated equally. Tom Ryan has been a firefighter since
1982. But if he had died on Sept. 11, his partner of the past eight years would
not be entitled to one cent of his pension. "I would’ve died thinking
my partner was taken care of, and he would’ve been totally screwed."
Ryan, a firefighter in Chelsea’s Ladder Co. 12 for the past three years,
is gay. And he says that the partners of gay firefighters are being overlooked
by New York state. Ryan’s been the president of FireFLAG/EMS–an organization
of gay firefighters, EMTs and paramedics–since 1998.
pension fund is run by the state, even though about 45 percent of it is city
money. If a firefighter dies in the line of duty, the state dictates that the
pension goes to the spouse or children. Prior to Sept. 11, Ryan says, he made
the incorrect assumption that domestic partners were included under existing
law. But while New York City allows gay residents to register as domestic partners,
the state does not.
of the culture of the FDNY and NYPD, surviving partners of gay and lesbian firefighters
or police officers have been reluctant to speak up and demand a fair share of
9/11 funds. "I know for sure that there were gay firefighters and cops
killed [on Sept. 11]," Ryan says. "We haven’t heard if they had
22 women in heterosexual domestic partnerships with cops or firefighters have
been pressuring politicians at the state level. A bill has been introduced to
compensate them–but it would not apply to gay domestic partnerships.
Ryan says he was told by his union reps that there’s reluctance to "bring
the gay issue into it."
City Council hearing on the issue of compensation for the partners of gay victims,
one lesbian who was in a relationship for 15 years with a civilian killed in
the WTC told her story. "She’s been cut off from everything, and blood
relations have stepped in," says Ryan.
Feinberg, special master of the Sept. 11 Fund, has indicated that gay and lesbian
partners of victims will be considered for compensation, based on applicable
state and local laws. A bill passed last month in Albany specifies that it’s
"the legislature’s desire that [same-sex partners] be eligible for
federal fund awards," according to the Empire State Pride Agenda. However,
the bill does not change existing state law to put same-sex partners
on the same level as married spouses of Sept. 11 victims.
gay and lesbian activists for not demanding real domestic-partnership benefits
from former Mayor Rudy Giuliani, Gov. Pataki and Mayor Bloomberg. In the meantime,
domestic partners are eligible for small sums (under $20,000) made available
by a coalition of gay and lesbian organizations including the Empire State Pride
Agenda and the NYC Gay & Lesbian Anti-Violence Project.
feel that the rug has been pulled out from under me," Ryan says. "I
was a fool. I thought that New York City had the best domestic-partnership laws
in the country. I feel like we were at a birthday party and we were given a
present, but you open up the box and there’s nothing in it."
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