blamed Mom, and analysands nationwide (posing as journalists) fell for it, running
to their word processors to type out feebleminded, hype-induced hosannas. The
makers of Sexy Beast know better than to use a simplistic Oedipal explanation
for the problem and intrigue of crime. This new British gangster-horror film
makes the arresting insinuation that cultural influences (entwined with psychological
motive) are what inspire masculine and criminal behavior. It’s neither
Mom nor simply Patriarchy that gangsters respond to, but a culture of masculine
aggression. Both Sexy Beast and The Sopranos appeal to adolescent
gangster fascination, but while The Sopranos condescends to all, Sexy
Beast stays admirable–even shocking–for what it refuses to indulge
about tough-guy cliches.
Gary "Gal" Everything Director Jonathan Glazer–a Winstone is With Sexy
Dove (Ray Winstone) is a retired crook sunning it up at a mountainside retreat
in Spain with his best mate Aitch (Cavan Kendall) and their hard-boiled ladies–real
dames, redhead Deedee (Amanda Redman) and blonde Jackie (Julianne White). They
aren’t successful young smoothies big pimpin’ on the Iberian peninsula;
they’re middle-aged, conventionally paired-off and nearly exhausted. Whatever
luxuries these thieves and good-time girls partake–restaurant dining, a
swimming pool with a two-hearts mosaic at its bottom–were desperately earned
and seem desperately enjoyed. Yet, Gal’s new "casual" life ("Nine
years and no risk") isn’t free of accident or destiny. His brooding
peace is intruded upon by his past. It’s not guilt but consequence. And
this triggers an avalanche of obsessions, starting with a boulder that unexpectedly
slides down a cliff into Gal’s pool and a broken rifle ("a blunderbuss")
that his houseboy misfires. Fears and weaknesses never countenanced by Quentin
Tarantino, Guy Ritchie, the Hughes Brothers, Hype Williams (or most film critics)
blow up in Gal’s face–a cold splash of surreality in the hot sun.
this group of expatriate friends loathed about England’s mean streets is
embodied by Gal’s old boss Don "Malky" Logan (Ben Kingsley),
an unpredictable, foul-mouthed, sinew-in-sandpaper brute. When Logan shows up,
flexing intimidation, he demands Gal come home and make one more bank heist.
"They pull me back in!" Michael Corleone famously groaned,
but Gal is petrified at risking everything he clawed and pinched and probably
murdered for (including Deedee). Above all, he’s scared to re-enter the
old rivalries and competition, tired of having to prove his manliness again.
Seeing big burly Gal coerced by the bantam Malky suggests a terrifying version
of that old Saturday Night Live skit ¿Quien es mas macho?
That Sexy Beast is powered by these men’s specific paranoia–the
sociopathic need for ballsiness–makes it an intriguing gangster movie offshoot.
Glazer, working from a script by playwrights Louis Mellis and David Scinto,
approaches Gal’s midlife crisis as a primal male melodrama. Gal’s
homelife gets disrupted by resurrected impulses; the illusion of sanctity he’s
built for himself is rattled by Malky’s greed and vulgarity. ("She’s
fucked hundreds!" he wails about Jackie, a former porn actress–and
his old lover.) Envious of Gal’s respectable pretense, Malky is appalled
by it, too. He sees the quartet’s delusions as preposterous: Pale, aging
Brits baking their lizardly skins pink. The first shot of Gal sunbathing recalls
that Key Largo description of Edward G. Robinson as "a crustacean
with its shell off." That was literary sarcasm, and Sexy Beast similarly
uses–updates–a self-conscious, derisive approach to gangster-movie
conventions. Good as all this is (as when Gal says "I’ve had enough
of this crime and punishment bollocks" or Malky decries the quartet’s
"insinnuendoes"), it’s still a bit sophomoric. There isn’t
the sense of lived-in corruption or enough crisis-of-conscience such as gave
masterful depth to the precarious friendships in Peckinpah’s The Osterman
Weekend, a rare movie admitting the anxiety of noir.
pop director with a music video pedigree like that of Charlie’s Angels’
McG–doesn’t feel anxiety, so he resorts to actual monster depiction
(a hairy, horned demon stalking the subconscious) rather than letting beastliness
haunt and fester. We don’t really need to see the werewolf beneath the
skin of these thugs, yet that’s the kind of pop critique the pomo audience
can relate to–making it easy to catch everyone’s terror. This extends
to the actual caper in London, where Malky’s associate Teddy Bass (Ian
McShane) plots to rob a banker (his lover Harry, played by James Fox) of his
safe-deposit contents–lifting jewels, bills, society’s rich secrets.
From the dyed, pomaded Teddy (he’s also a sexy beast, a talking death’s
head) to Fox’s discreet pederast, Glazer gets sharp displays of jowly,
stubbily masculinity–icons under stress.
well practiced at exploring how to be a man. In Nil by Mouth and The
War Zone, he gave Brit male loutishness brute authenticity (especially in
the underrated mob comedy Love, Honour and Obey). Dressed for Gal’s
London mission, his head seems to be swelling out the top of his collars. Pathetically
contrasting Kingsley’s trim menace, he shows there are various ways to
be insecure. (Although compared to Brendan Gleeson in John Boorman’s The
General, the estimable Winstone loses this time out.) The film’s female
sexy beasts suffer differently; they respond to Malky with clear revulsion.
When Deedee dispatches him, her cellulite arms grip that blunderbuss fearlessly.
Beast’s cunning title (recognizing how people like to perceive movie
gangsters, yet also skeptical) it immediately one-ups the contemporary crime
film’s pseudo-sophistication. Since Pulp Fiction, crime-movie audiences
have been both self-congratulatory and ignorant about the moral and art worlds
outside the small purview of film noir. Sexy Beast’s reassessment
of gangster sentimentality raises a startling thought: more people thrilled
to Pulp Fiction than have ever heard of Harold Pinter’s The Homecoming.
Pinter’s 1965 cauldron of fear, tension and homoeroticism underpins Glazer,
Mellis and Scinto’s very conscientious effort. Not an obscure reference,
The Homecoming was a landmark critique of masculine aggression, especially
for Brits. (Less specters of real-life, Malky complaining "I’m sweatin’
like a cunt" and Gal exclaiming "It’s the charge, the jolt, the
buzz, the sheer fuck-it-ness!" are descendants of Pinter’s
family of rancorous monsters.) Glazer and company don’t entirely trade
The Homecoming’s legacy for Tarantino style; unlike most noir-meisters
they’ve apparently learned something of the moral propositions in
modern art, and that’s the cultural connection that makes Sexy Beast
It’s become In a sense, Viewers who Basically a Brando has Chase’s The Sopranos
so difficult to see through the lies of pop culture that a deceitful tv show
like The Sopranos was officially recognized last spring at the Museum
of Modern Art (partly to promote the start of a new HBO season). It was like
giving a drunk the key to the city. That step-up in class followed the series’
attempt at legitimizing our culture’s moral confusion. A decade after The
Godfather trilogy, The Sopranos worked vigorously to deny every
mea culpa Coppola had summarized. That may explain why mob boss Tony
Soprano’s therapy sessions were such a big, uh, hit. (The show replaced
Catholic and political guilt with secular absolution.) But nothing justifies
its canonization. A New York Times tout published a book calling it "the
most important pop cultural event of the past 25 years." At a National
Society of Film Critics meeting, one critic suggested a special prize be awarded
to The Sopranos. The present membership was silent–dumbstruck?–until
the chairman diplomatically advised: "It takes long enough to simply vote
prizes to the year’s movies. Let’s just stick to that."
the movies are to blame for The Sopranos. In 1990, the year of The
Godfather, Part III, popular taste preferred Goodfellas–a flashy
view of criminal behavior in a slippery quasi-documentary style. Scorsese had
translated Reagan-era wealth, treachery and self-righteousness with ethnic bravado
(making both law enforcement and crime ambiguous); then 1994’s Pulp
Fiction added jokes, sinking us even lower. The Sopranos’
high concept shrewdly imitates all this. TV writer-director David Chase
knew the cable market likes to think itself film savvy (last season episodes
were actually broadcast in the letterbox format). HBO could give audiences that
had stopped regular moviegoing the chance to feel they were still hip. (All
that cursing and violence and sometimes nudity. On tv!) When Salon’s
David Thomson claimed The Sopranos for "the smart classes"
nobody was embarrassed at the preposterous self-aggrandizement.
would scoff at daytime soap operas hail The Sopranos’ serial
structure. Its Narrativus Interminus doesn’t gain depth, it just constantly
delays moral consequences with cheap excitement–mob killings, stripshows
at the Bada Bing titty bar. Instead of bringing an end to narrative fantasy
(like Coppola’s Godfather trilogy called for), Chase deliberately
jettisoned ethical imperative. Pop journalists unable to gauge their tv enjoyment
as ethical capitulation–the kind of conscientiousness real movies inspire–also
could not critique Chase’s generic shallowness. Comparisons of The Sopranos
to the movies ignore the fact that our culture has lost the old principled focus
gangster movies used to have–that Coppola and Peckinpah extended, that
even Sexy Beast alludes to. The purpose of art–almost tangible in
the last truly great tv drama series, Twin Peaks–has been deranged
for a more morally convenient brand of entertainment.
devious sitcom, The Sopranos encourages audiences to see themselves in
Tony’s effort to run the organization and keep his family afloat. Chase
makes the erroneous (but tv-typical) suggestion that mobsters are just like
us. Journalists in therapy may speak for themselves, but killers and extortionists
don’t represent how most people live their lives. Only in a twisted, grandiose
self-projection are the Sopranos "family–redefined." That contrivance
holds for every tv sitcom.
been proven right in his insistence on The Godfather as a corporate metaphor.
It was always more about business than family, and soon after its 1972 premiere,
Watergate proved the metaphor was applicable to our political system as well.
Despite James Gandolfini’s end-of-the-year renunciation, his characterization
of Tony Soprano was sheer capitalist exculpation. "You ain’t gotta
love me," he told Christopher. "But you will respect me!" The
problem of esteem in corporate capitalist America is this sitcom’s real
theme. Big shot tv producers don’t just want money, they want respect from
critics and MOMA, too.
faith in psychiatry also seeks respect–or at least permission. Casting
Goodfellas’ Lorraine Bracco as Tony’s shrink establishes a
dubious pedigree. Even her "truth" is specious when she tells Tony,
"Your selfishness is too strong…Actually, in spite of everything, you’re
a very conventional man." Tony Soprano stands in the same position as All
in the Family’s Archie Bunker–a spurious Everyman who actually
sentimentalizes national flaws, whether racism or exploitation. Average pop
consumers don’t need this, but the middle-class and middle-brow establishment
desperately prides itself as a lovable bigot, a sexy beast.
relentlessly courts the egotism of cable subscribers by emphasizing cultural
savvy over realism. As when Tony makes the loaded malapropism, "Now he
has to piss into a cathode tube," every episode guaranteed a couch-potato
In a sense,
gets pangs of conscience while touring the Metropolitan Museum of Art (but
it’s no Dressed to Kill). Tony complains to the shrink about Carmela’s
obsession with "Goyim" (meaning Goya) and she gets to instruct him
on "L’Amour Fou."
mobster (Paul Mazursky) quotes Kipling ("If") at a card game.
Russian caretaker Tony hires for his mother is named "Svetlana,"
an obvious cue to boomers who remember the U.S. media welcome of Stalin’s
daughter in the 1960s.
shrink explains Proust’s Remembrance of Things Past and how madeleines
("a tea cookie") "unleashed a tide of memories."
coffee klatch even discuss Hilary Clinton: "She took all that negative
bullshit he gave her and spun it into gold. She’s a model for all of
sister Janice (Aida Turturro) brags about visiting an ashram in Pradesh.
tattooed mobster is called "The Illustrated Man" (after Ray Bradbury).
FBI agent is named Marshal McLuhan.
Uncle Junior (Dominic Chianese), a retired mafia don, makes like an English
don displaced in New Jersey, sprouting phrases like "Where does he get
the effrontery!" and "Talkin’ to that dreadnought would help?"
and "I’m ready for the George Sanders long walk here."
Tony’s teenage son gets in the act joining a philosophy debate: "Sartre’s
a fucking fraud. He stole it all from Husserl and Heidegger."
So much of Given this Tony Soprano Some of the David Chase
the dialogue is a cue to the informed (New Yorker, New York Times) audience.
This high-tone name- and phrase-dropping is not a democratic gesture, it’s
elitist–a way of placing the show’s makers and viewers above the muck
of real life mobsters. This is more important than the authenticity of dialect
and profanity. The Sopranos speaks a language all right, but it’s
a middle-class language of weakness, compromise and arrogant self-delusion.
We no longer have a term for culture that isn’t first rate, that’s
easily appeasable, that takes the place of the old "magazine fiction,"
but it ought to be television, because that’s the current middle brow popular
class ambition, even an Italian-American actor like Michael Imperioli gets to
sell out his own people (as in his Summer of Sam script) under the guise
of being "real." But since Goodfellas, mob movies have been
least honest linguistically as they affect ethnic nomenclature. (Donnie Brasco’s
insultingly misdefined "fuhgeddaboudit.") The art of the word "fuck"–how
white ethnics say it, the thrill, the taboo-busting–is a trite way of pretending
verisimilitude. Besides, no Sopranos moment matches Gal in Sexy Beast
confessing to Deedee: "I love you like a rose loves rain water, like a
leopard loves its partner in the desert. I know you love me because I feel strong."
lacks such self-knowledge because David Chase lacks Sexy Beast’s
implied spiritual quandry. This is what’s missed by Italian-American protesters
against The Sopranos. They disregard that the show disregards how society
constructs ethnic criminality. (The Sopranos has no sociological basis
like the British gangster film The Krays.) Plus they obviate the key
fact that mob flicks are fantasies of power, extolling Italianate nerve and
rascality. Abel Ferrara’s The Funeral bravely refuted this glamorization.
Annabella Sciorra’s guest spot seemed to refute her participation in The
Funeral, but her Sopranos psycho–like Burt Young’s guest
spot–was genuine and instructive. These actors briefly raised the show’s
standards by bringing genuine complicity such as Coppola dared with his daughter
Sofia in Part III. Chase avoids letting Tony’s daughter Meadow suffer
the family’s legacy–also letting viewers off the hook.
cast–David Proval, Steve Van Zant–have videogenic mugs, somewhere
between Dick Tracy and Mott St., but they’re frequently used for sensationalism.
In this way Sopranos is worse than Oz, cuz its superficiality
has the stench of seriousness–Carmela confusing menopause with guilt, Joe
Pantoliano as Ralph overacting evil. It winds up evading mob-story issues. What
passes for complexity–Tony telling an underling, "Don’t blame
yourself. You took this kid under your wing, you schooled him"–is
said ironically, so it’s old-fashioned tv moralism. One killing, where
a goon does "a Lee Trevino" on an innocent man’s head, never
gets an accounting.
is content with the outrageousness of the violent act. And only in the third
season is there any (slight) confrontation with racism. That’s why Chase
needs to portray a shrink (raped and guilt-ridden but rich) as the series’
moral conscience–he’s trying to absolve tv, not real social conflict
or its ambiguity. One should be appalled at David Chase’s ease with
crime and his confidence that we all are complicit with it. It doesn’t
matter how many media professionals–unreliable cutthroats, unsexy beasts–swear
by The Sopranos.
So much of
Some of the